The Research Framework



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Framework & Review Overview

Research Process & Framework

The research utilised two different models, fundamentally overlapping the considerations of incremental stages with elements or aspects. 

The framework based off Hoang & Antoncic’s (2003) network research and entrepreneurship review, which identified three different constructs which are essential components of networks; the component of the relationships, the governance of the relationships, and the structure or pattern that emerges from cross-cutting ties (p.5) Using a comparative model template to that referring to the overall review structural outlay (Fig 4) the concept is that if we include the variety of other perspectives, conceptualisations and elements related to a particular topic, we have to learn something (further demonstration and justification of this can be found online). The “slideshow” demonstrates a variety of these reviews for numerous articles, representing a range of considerations within all of these sub topics. While these overlapping stage and element considerations undoubtedly form the basis of the review itself, they have only been touched upon in this submission document, due to restrictive limitation criteria. More detailed review can be found in the online “virtual” version, where each of these rings receive more thorough review both separately, and in conjunction. The collective understanding from these, is used to define each topic. This review aimed to explore and revise the vast and differing aspects, elements and considerations of the place of New Zealand and New Zealanders in the “digital environment”. A broad conceptual overview has been undertaken to consider the areas of overlap and potential for integrated and collaborative considerations. By doing so I hope to have highlighted some of the areas where the most potential for benefit is demonstrated.

Yet again I have been limited throughout this review and have only been able to touch on the most important elements I have identified within my review. The angst associated with this is overload of information is common place within network theory.  Obviously, as there has only been one quadrant reviewed within this framework, the findings will not be complete, yet there are still some obvious insights which can be drawn from undergoing the review process. Further, I believe the cross-discipline and multifaceted approach to completing the research, has in itself, potential to highlight the value of adopting different approaches. Regardless of which particular model or structure is adopted to the review, I feel that being able to draw back on the three rings I identified, really was the key to enabling me to adequately consider the interactions between these different concerns and considerations. Hopefully by adopting similarly innovative and creative interpretations of such requirements as those under which I am limited by the University of Auckland, other students can be inspired to question the boundaries of what appears to be the remnants of legacy systems within society.

There are also indications that despite government initiatives designed to promote and improve the availability and access of SMEs to science and technology research, the use and integration between the two, has failed to achieve potential value afforded to either by doing so. (MED, 2006). Moving instead to a focus where they are to lead by example, the New Zealand government continue to demonstrate willingness and acceptance of these inevitable changes and ongoing complications as we fully arrive in the reality of digital environments. Market limitations no longer restrict SMEs in the same way. As Macpac entrepreneur Bruce McIntyre so succinctly said, “You’re on the other side of the world, and there’s a 12 hour time difference”. Well you can look at that as a big negative, or take advantage that we’re actually 12 hours ahead and that we’re working while they’re asleep.” (Benson-Rae & Shepard, 2008).

Incremental Stage Considerations

These have been adapted broadly throughout the texts. 

Element or
Aspect Considerations

Vary greatly among the topics